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Title: Modeling the Strongest Silicate Emission Features of Local Type 1 AGNs
Authors: Martínez Paredes, M.
González Martín, O.
Esparza Arredondo, D.
Kim, M.
Alonso Herrero, A.
Krongold, Y.
Hoang, T.
Ramos Almeida, C.
Aretxaga, I.
Dultzin, D.
Hodgson, J.
Keywords: Active galactic nuclei;Infrared astronomy;Dust continuum emission;Active galaxies
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2020
Publisher: The Institute of Physics (IOP)
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab6732
Published version:
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal 890(2): 152(2020)
Abstract: We measure the 10 and 18 μm silicate features in a sample of 67 local (z < 0.1) type 1 active galactic nuclei (AGN) with available Spitzer spectra dominated by nonstellar processes. We find that the 10 μm silicate feature peaks at ${10.3}_{-0.9}^{+0.7}\,\mu {\rm{m}}$ with a strength (Sip = ln fp(spectrum)/fp(continuum)) of ${0.11}_{-0.36}^{+0.15}$, while the 18 μm one peaks at ${17.3}_{-0.7}^{+0.4}\,\mu {\rm{m}}$ with a strength of ${0.14}_{-0.06}^{+0.06}$. We select from this sample sources with the strongest 10 μm silicate strength (${\sigma }_{{\mathrm{Si}}_{10\mu {\rm{m}}}}\gt 0.28$, 10 objects). We carry out a detailed modeling of the infrared spectrometer/Spitzer spectra by comparing several models that assume different geometries and dust composition: a smooth torus model, two clumpy torus models, a two-phase medium torus model, and a disk+outflow clumpy model. We find that the silicate features are well modeled by the clumpy model of Nenkova et al., and among all models, those including outflows and complex dust composition are the best. We note that even in AGN-dominated galaxies, it is usually necessary to add stellar contributions to reproduce the emission at the shortest wavelengths.
E-ISSN: 1538-4357
ISSN: 0004-637X
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