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Title: A detailed non-LTE analysis of LB-1: Revised parameters and surface abundances
Authors: Simón Díaz, S.
Maíz Apellániz, J.
Lennon, D. J.
González Hernández, J. I.
Allende Prieto, C.
Castro, N.
De Burgos, A.
Dufton, P. L.
Herrero, A.
Toledo Padrón, B.
Smartt, S. J.
Keywords: Techniques: spectroscopic;Binaries;Spectroscopic;Stars;Black Holes;Abundances;Fundamental Parameters;Early Type
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2020
Publisher: EDP Sciences
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937318
Published version:
Citation: Astronomy and Astrophysics 634: L7 (2020)
Abstract: Context. It has recently been proposed that LB-1 is a binary system at 4 kpc consisting of a B-type star of 8 M-circle dot and a massive stellar black hole (BH) of 70 M-circle dot. This finding challenges our current theories of massive star evolution and formation of BHs at solar metallicity. Aims. Our objective is to derive the effective temperature, surface gravity, and chemical composition of the B-type component in order to determine its nature and evolutionary status and, indirectly, to constrain the mass of the BH. Methods. We use the non-LTE stellar atmosphere code FASTWIND to analyze new and archival high-resolution data. Results. We determine (T-eff, log g) values of (14& x2006;000 +/- 500 K, 3.50 +/- 0.15 dex) that, combined with the Gaia parallax, imply a spectroscopic mass, from log g, of 3.2(-1.9)(+2.1) M(circle dot)3.2-1.9+2.1M circle dot$ 3.2<^>{+2.1}_{-1.9}\,M_\odot $ and an evolutionary mass, assuming single star evolution, of 5.2(-0.6)(+0.3) M(circle dot)5.2-0.6+0.3M circle dot$ 5.2<^>{+0.3}_{-0.6}\,M_\odot $. We determine an upper limit of 8 km s(-1) for the projected rotational velocity and derive the surface abundances; we find the star to have a silicon abundance below solar, and to be significantly enhanced in nitrogen and iron and depleted in carbon and magnesium. Complementary evidence derived from a photometric extinction analysis and Gaia yields similar results for T-eff and log g and a consistent distance around 2 kpc. Conclusions. We propose that the B-type star is a slightly evolved main sequence star of 3-5 M-circle dot with surface abundances reminiscent of diffusion in late B/A chemically peculiar stars with low rotational velocities. There is also evidence for CN-processed material in its atmosphere. These conclusions rely critically on the distance inferred from the Gaia parallax. The goodness of fit of the Gaia astrometry also favors a high-inclination orbit. If the orbit is edge-on and the B-type star has a mass of 3-5 M-circle dot, the mass of the dark companion would be 4-5 M-circle dot, which would be easier to explain with our current stellar evolutionary models.
E-ISSN: 1432-0746
ISSN: 0004-6361
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