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dc.rights.license© S. K. Solanki et al. 2020-
dc.contributor.authorSolanki, S.k.-
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Herrero, A.-
dc.contributor.authorBarandiarán, J.-
dc.contributor.authorBastide, L.-
dc.contributor.authorCampuzano, C.-
dc.contributor.authorCebollero, M.-
dc.contributor.authorDávila, B.-
dc.contributor.authorFernández Medina, A.-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Parejo, P.-
dc.contributor.authorGarranzo García, D.-
dc.contributor.authorLaguna, H.-
dc.contributor.authorMartín, J,A,-
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, R.-
dc.contributor.authorNuñez Peral, A.-
dc.contributor.authorRoyo, M.-
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, A.-
dc.contributor.authorSilva López, M.-
dc.contributor.authorVera Trallero, I.-
dc.contributor.authorVillanueva, J.-
dc.contributor.authorZouganelis, I.-
dc.contributor.otherCentros de Excelencia Severo Ochoa, INSTITUTO DE ASTROFISICA DE ANDALUCIA (IAA), SEV-2017-0709-
dc.identifier.citationAstronomy and Astrophysics, 642, art. no. A11 (2020)es
dc.description.abstractThis paper describes the Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager on the Solar Orbiter mission (SO/PHI), the first magnetograph and helioseismology instrument to observe the Sun from outside the Sun-Earth line. It is the key instrument meant to address the top-level science question: How does the solar dynamo work and drive connections between the Sun and the heliosphere? SO/PHI will also play an important role in answering the other top-level science questions of Solar Orbiter, while hosting the potential of a rich return in further science. Methods. SO/PHI measures the Zeeman effect and the Doppler shift in the Fe※ I 617.3 nm spectral line. To this end, the instrument carries out narrow-band imaging spectro-polarimetry using a tunable LiNbO3 Fabry-Perot etalon, while the polarisation modulation is done with liquid crystal variable retarders. The line and the nearby continuum are sampled at six wavelength points and the data are recorded by a 2k × 2k CMOS detector. To save valuable telemetry, the raw data are reduced on board, including being inverted under the assumption of a Milne-Eddington atmosphere, although simpler reduction methods are also available on board. SO/PHI is composed of two telescopes; one, the Full Disc Telescope, covers the full solar disc at all phases of the orbit, while the other, the High Resolution Telescope, can resolve structures as small as 200 km on the Sun at closest perihelion. The high heat load generated through proximity to the Sun is greatly reduced by the multilayer-coated entrance windows to the two telescopes that allow less than 4% of the total sunlight to enter the instrument, most of it in a narrow wavelength band around the chosen spectral line. Results. SO/PHI was designed and built by a consortium having partners in Germany, Spain, and France. The flight model was delivered to Airbus Defence and Space, Stevenage, and successfully integrated into the Solar Orbiter spacecraft. A number of innovations were introduced compared with earlier space-based spectropolarimeters, thus allowing SO/PHI to fit into the tight mass, volume, power and telemetry budgets provided by the Solar Orbiter spacecraft and to meet the (e.g. thermal) challenges posed by the mission's highly elliptical
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are grateful to the ESA payload and mission support (SOC and MOC) teams for their cooperative support also during difficult phases of the Solar Orbiter project. We also thank the competent members of the spacecraft team. The dedication and hard work of the technical and administrative staff of the participating institutes is also gratefully acknowledged. Finally, we thank an anonymous referee for helpful comments. The German contribution to SO/PHI is funded by the Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technolo-gie through Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Grants No. 50 OT 1001/1201/1901 as well as 50 OT 0801/1003/1203/1703, and by the President of the Max Planck Society (MPG). The Spanish contribution has been partially funded by Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades through projects ESP2014-56169-C6 and ESP2016-77548-C5. IAA-CSIC acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Research Agency (AEI/MCIU) through the “Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa” award for the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (SEV-2017-0709). DOS acknowledges support from a Ramón y Cajal fellowship. The French contribution is funded by the Centre National d’Etudes
dc.publisherEDP Scienceses
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationales
dc.subjectSolar Telescopees
dc.subjectInstrumentation: polarimeterses
dc.subjectSun: magnetic fieldses
dc.subjectSun: photospherees
dc.titleThe Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager on Solar Orbiteres
dc.contributor.funderDeutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)-
dc.contributor.funderCentre National D'Etudes Spatiales (CNES)-
dc.identifier.funderMax-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG)-
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