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Title: Scale Effects on Heave Plates for Semi-Submersible Floating Offshore Wind Turbines: Case Study With a Solid Plain Pla
Authors: Bezunartea Barrio, A.
Fernández Ruano, S.
Marón Loureiro, A.
Molinelli Fernández, E.
Moreno Burón, F.
Oria Escudero, J.
Ríos Tubio, J.
Soriano Gómez, C.
López Pavón, C.
Souto Iglesias, A.
Valea Peces, Álvaro
Keywords: Marine renewables;Scale effects;Heave plates;Ocean energy technology;Floating wind turbine;Damping;Added mass
Issue Date: 28-Jan-2019
Publisher: ASME
DOI: 10.1115/1.4045374
Published version:
Citation: Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering 142(3): 031105 (9 pages)
Abstract: In the case of SPAR or semi-submersible platforms for floating wind turbines, it is beneficial in some cases to use heave plates that reduce their heave motion amplitude and/or tune their heave natural period. As part of the Hiprwind project, it was decided to study scale effects on the hydrodynamics of this element. To this aim, models of one leg of the platform, equipped with a heave plate without any reinforcements, were built. This model is a simplified representation of the actual one, which incorporates a vertical flap on the heave plate edge. The scales were 1:20, 1:27.6, and 1:45.45, with the former leading to added mass values of the order of 300 kg, becoming one of the largest models for which experiments with heave oscillations have been carried out. Decay tests starting from various amplitudes and forced oscillations tests for a range of frequencies and amplitudes were performed. It is shown in the paper that the influence of the scale factor on the hydrodynamic coefficients is weaker than the effect that the motion amplitude (characterized with the Keulegan–Carpenter (KC) number produces in them. This result is relevant because the selection of a representative KC is an important and somewhat arbitrary aspect to be set in the linear potential simulation codes in order to add viscous damping. What has been shown herein is that a right selection of KC has a larger impact on the models than the uncertainties due to eventual scale effects in the heave-plates dynamics.
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