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Title: Radio observations of massive stars in the Galactic centre: The Arches Cluster⋆
Authors: Gallego Calvente, A. T.
Schödel, R.
Alberdi, A.
Herrero Illana, R.
Najarro, F.
Yusef Zadeh, F.
Dong, H.
Sánchez Bermudez, J.
Shahzamanian, B.
Nogueras Lara, F.
Gallego Cano, E.
Keywords: Galaxy: center;Open clusters and associations: individual: Arches;Radio continuum: stars;Stars: massive;Stars: mass loss;Radiation mechanisms: thermal
Issue Date: 17-Mar-2021
Publisher: EDP Sciences
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202039172
Published version:
Citation: Astronomy and Astrophysics 647: A110(2021)
Abstract: We present high-angular-resolution radio observations of the Arches cluster in the Galactic centre, one of the most massive young clusters in the Milky Way. The data were acquired in two epochs and at 6 and 10 GHz with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. The rms noise reached is three to four times better than during previous observations and we have almost doubled the number of known radio stars in the cluster. Nine of them have spectral indices consistent with thermal emission from ionised stellar winds, one is a confirmed colliding wind binary, and two sources are ambiguous cases. Regarding variability, the radio emission appears to be stable on timescales of a few to ten years. Finally, we show that the number of radio stars can be used as a tool for constraining the age and/or mass of a cluster and also its mass function.
Description: A copy of the cleaned images is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via
E-ISSN: 1432-0746
ISSN: 0004-6361
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