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Title: Microbial Community Structure Driven by a Volcanic Gradient in Glaciers of the Antarctic Archipelago South Shetland
Authors: García López, Eva
Serrano, S.
Ángel Calvo, M.
Peña Pérez, S.
Sánchez Casanova, S.
García Descalzo, L.
Cid, Cristina
Keywords: Cryosphere Microbiome;16S/18S rRNA High Throughput Sequencing;Glacier;Biodiversity;Ecology;Antarctica;Biogeochemistry;Astrobiology
Issue Date: 14-Feb-2021
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms9020392
Published version:
Citation: Microorganisms 9(2): 392(2021)
Abstract: It has been demonstrated that the englacial ecosystem in volcanic environments is inhabited by active bacteria. To know whether this result could be extrapolated to other Antarctic glaciers and to study the populations of microeukaryotes in addition to those of bacteria, a study was performed using ice samples from eight glaciers in the South Shetland archipelago. The identification of microbial communities of bacteria and microeukaryotes using 16S rRNA and 18S rRNA high throughput sequencing showed a great diversity when compared with microbiomes of other Antarctic glaciers or frozen deserts. Even the composition of the microbial communities identified in the glaciers from the same island was different, which may be due to the isolation of microbial clusters within the ice. A gradient in the abundance and diversity of the microbial communities from the volcano (west to the east) was observed. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between the chemical conditions of the ice samples and the composition of the prokaryotic populations inhabiting them along the volcanic gradient. The bacteria that participate in the sulfur cycle were those that best fit this trend. Furthermore, on the eastern island, a clear influence of human contamination was observed on the glacier microbiome.
E-ISSN: 2076-2607
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