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Title: Chemorheology and Kinetics of High-Performance Polyurethane Binders Based on HMDI
Authors: Lucio, B.
De la Fuente, J. L.
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2021
Publisher: Wiley Online Library
DOI: 10.1002/mame.202000617
Published version:
Citation: Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 306(3): 2000617(2021)
Abstract: Aliphatic diisocyanates, such as 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDI), are preferred curing agents for the formation of polyurethanes (PUs) in applications where resistance to abrasion or degradation by ultraviolet light takes precedence. Aside from the final properties, the curing agent plays a key role in the bulk manufacturing of such materials, and it mainly affects the polymerization kinetics and their rheology. The copolymerization of HMDI and a metallo-prepolymer derivative from hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) is studied under isothermal conditions (50–80 °C). This study is carried out by means of an indirect method, using both rotational viscometry and dynamic rheometry. At the beginning of the process, the viscosity growth fit well to a first-order kinetic model. Afterward, the reactive system passes through gelation, from which only rheology is allowed for the investigation of the entire polymerization process. This transition is analyzed in depth together with predictions from percolation theory. The conversion degree is determined from rheological measurements, and then an autocatalytic kinetic model is applied to describe the overall process. Finally, an isoconversional method allows the evolution of activation energy to be studied. This analysis merits attention for the development of high-performance binders that are of great interest in aerospace propulsion technology.
E-ISSN: 1439-2054
ISSN: 1438-7492
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