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dc.contributor.authorRuiz Bermejo, M.-
dc.contributor.authorDe la Fuente, J. L.-
dc.contributor.authorPérez Fernández, C.-
dc.contributor.authorMateo Martí, E.-
dc.contributor.otherUnidad de Excelencia Científica María de Maeztu del Centro de Astrobiología del Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial y CSIC, MDM-2017-0737-
dc.identifier.citationProcesses 9(4): 597(2021)es
dc.description.abstractHCN-derived polymers are a heterogeneous group of complex substances synthesized from pure HCN; from its salts; from its oligomers, specifically its trimer and tetramer, amino-nalono-nitrile (AMN) and diamino-maleo-nitrile (DAMN), respectively; or from its hydrolysis products, such as formamide, under a wide range of experimental conditions. The characteristics and properties of HCN-derived polymers depend directly on the synthetic conditions used for their production and, by extension, their potential applications. These puzzling systems have been known mainly in the fields of prebiotic chemistry and in studies on the origins of life and astrobiology since the first prebiotic production of adenine by Oró in the early years of the 1960s. However, the first reference regarding their possible role in prebiotic chemistry was mentioned in the 19th century by Pflüger. Currently, HCN-derived polymers are considered keys in the formation of the first and primeval protometabolic and informational systems, and they may be among the most readily formed organic macromolecules in the solar system. In addition, HCN-derived polymers have attracted a growing interest in materials science due to their potential biomedical applications as coatings and adhesives; they have also been proposed as valuable models for multifunctional materials with emergent properties such as semi-conductivity, ferroelectricity, catalysis and photocatalysis, and heterogeneous organo-synthesis. However, the real structures and the formation pathways of these fascinating substances have not yet been fully elucidated; several models based on either computational approaches or spectroscopic and analytical techniques have endeavored to shed light on their complete nature. In this review, a comprehensive perspective of HCN-derived polymers is presented, taking into account all the aspects indicated
dc.description.sponsorshipM.R.-B., C.P.F. and E.M.-M. used the research facilities of the Centro de As trobiología (CSIC-INTA) and were supported by the Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial “Esteban Terradas” (INTA) and by the Spanish State Research Agency (AEI) Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu. J.L.F. was supported by the Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial “Esteban Terradas” (INTA). C.P.F. Ph-D MINECO financial support reference
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)es
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationales
dc.subjectHCN- derived polymerses
dc.subjectCyanide chemistrees
dc.subjectPrebiotic chemistryes
dc.subjectMultifunctional materialses
dc.subject2D materialses
dc.titleA Comprehensive Review of HCN-Derived Polymerses
dc.contributor.orcidRuiz Bermejo, M. [0000-0002-8059-1335]-
dc.contributor.orcidMateo Martí, E. [0000-0003-4709-4676]-
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