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Title: BepiColombo Science Investigations During Cruise and Flybys at the Earth, Venus and Mercury
Authors: Mangano, V.
Dósa, M.
Franz, M.
Milillo, A.
Oliveira, J. S.
Joo Lee, Y.
McKenna Lawlor, S.
Grassi, D.
Heyner, D.
Kozyrev, A. S.
Peron, R.
Helbert, J.
Besse, S.
De la Fuente, S.
Montagnon, E.
Zender, J.
Volwerk, M.
Chaufray, J. Y.
Slavin, J. A.
Krüger, H.
Maturilli, A.
Cornet, T.
Iwai, K.
Miyoshi, Y.
Lucente, M.
Massetti, S.
Schmidt, C. A.
Dong, C.
Quarati, F.
Hirai, T.
Varsani, A.
Belyaev, D. A.
Zhong, J.
Kilpua, E. K. J.
Jackson, B. V.
Odstrcil, D.
Plaschke, F.
Vainio, R.
Jarvinen, R.
Ivanovsky, S. L.
Madár, A.
Erdos, G.
Plainaki, C.
Plainaki, C.
Alberti, T.
Alberti, T.
Aizawa, S.
Benkhoff, J.
Murakami, G.
Quemerais, E.
Hiesinger, H.
Mitrofanov, I. G.
Iess, L.
Santoli, F.
Orsini, S.
Lichtenegger, H.
Laky, G.
Barabash, S.
Moissl, R.
Huovelin, J.
Kasaba, Y.
Saito, Y.
Kobayashi, H.
Baumjohann, W.
Keywords: BepiColombo;Mercury;Venus;Earth;Cruise;Flyby
Issue Date: 11-Feb-2021
Publisher: Springer Link
DOI: 10.1007/s11214-021-00797-9
Published version:
Citation: Space Science Reviews 217, 23(2021)
Abstract: The dual spacecraft mission BepiColombo is the first joint mission between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) to explore the planet Mercury. BepiColombo was launched from Kourou (French Guiana) on October 20th, 2018, in its packed configuration including two spacecraft, a transfer module, and a sunshield. BepiColombo cruise trajectory is a long journey into the inner heliosphere, and it includes one flyby of the Earth (in April 2020), two of Venus (in October 2020 and August 2021), and six of Mercury (starting from 2021), before orbit insertion in December 2025. A big part of the mission instruments will be fully operational during the mission cruise phase, allowing unprecedented investigation of the different environments that will encounter during the 7-years long cruise. The present paper reviews all the planetary flybys and some interesting cruise configurations. Additional scientific research that will emerge in the coming years is also discussed, including the instruments that can contribute.
Description: Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
E-ISSN: 1572-9672
ISSN: 0038-6308
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