Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Methanogenesis at High Temperature, High Ionic Strength and Low pH in the Volcanic Area of Dallol, Ethiopia
Authors: Sanz, J. L.
Rodríguez, N.
Escudero, C.
Carrizo, D.
Amils, R.
Gómez, F.
Keywords: Methanogenesis;Dallol;Polyextreme environment;Hyperthermophiles;Hyperacidophiles;Extreme halophiles;Methanohalobium;Methanosarcina;FISH;C-CH;Fractionation
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2021
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms9061231
Published version:
Citation: Microorganisms 9(6): 1231(2021)
Abstract: The Dallol geothermal area originated as a result of seismic activity and the presence of a shallow underground volcano, both due to the divergence of two tectonic plates. In its ascent, hot water dissolves and drags away the subsurface salts. The temperature of the water that comes out of the chimneys is higher than 100 °C, with a pH close to zero and high mineral concentration. These factors make Dallol a polyextreme environment. So far, nanohaloarchaeas, present in the salts that form the walls of the chimneys, have been the only living beings reported in this extreme environment. Through the use of complementary techniques: culture in microcosms, methane stable isotope signature and hybridization with specific probes, the methanogenic activity in the Dallol area has been assessed. Methane production in microcosms, positive hybridization with the Methanosarcinales probe and the δ13CCH4-values measured, show the existence of extensive methanogenic activity in the hydrogeothermic Dallol system. A methylotrophic pathway, carried out by Methanohalobium and Methanosarcina-like genera, could be the dominant pathway for methane production in this environment.
Description: Supplementary Material.
E-ISSN: 2076-2607
Appears in Collections:(CAB) Artículos

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons