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Title: Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors ice detection: methodologies and performance
Authors: González, Miguel
Frövel, M.
Keywords: Ice detection;Icing;Optic fiber;FBGS
Issue Date: 16-Oct-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Published version:
Citation: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 346: 113778(2022)
Abstract: New Researches have been done recently in order to create and adapt new systems to the recent Appendix O FAR 25 Aeronautical aircraft icing regulations. One important issue are the Supercooled Large Droplets (SLD) that are an important hazard in many cases. Novel sensor technologies for aircraft are being developed in order to assess the ice severity and to discriminate between large size droplets and small size droplets ice accretions. The European SENS4ICE project gives founding for the research and development of several aeronautical ice detection systems that can discriminate between Appendix C and Appendix O conditions. In the present paper, the strengths and weaknesses of the Fiber Optic ice Detector (FOD) developed by INTA are discussed using a test matrix from the Canadian National Research Council (NRC). The FOD has presented good performance at the NRC ice wind tunnel tests in the ice detection time, detecting ice in most cases earlier than required by the actual standard (ED-103). Its lightness, low intrusiveness and small size, makes the FOD ideal for aeronautical applications. It measures indirectly the icing cloud characteristics, such as the liquid water content (LWC) and the ice accretion rate, so only an approximate severity assessment could be done.
Description: Highlights. FBG sensors are useful for fast detection. The Optic Fiber sensors can estimate the icing conditions in rime conditions The optic fiber sensor can provide of information about the type of ice and its location
ISSN: 0924-4247
Appears in Collections:(Aeronáutica) Artículos

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